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The JavaScript Essentials - Don't Miss Out While Diving into React

Posted on:October 26, 2023 at 11:11 AM

Embarking on your journey through the magnificent landscape of web development with React is undoubtedly thrilling. React’s component-based architecture and its powerful capabilities for building user interfaces make it a popular choice among developers. However, diving headfirst into React might make you miss out on mastering the fundamental concepts of JavaScript, the language that serves as the foundation of React. Understanding core JavaScript concepts such as prototypical inheritance, closure, hoisting, and the intricacies of this, apply, and bind methods is paramount. Let’s take a deeper look at these essential JavaScript concepts and understand why they are crucial for every React developer.

Prototypical Inheritance

Prototypes are the heart of JavaScript. Every object in JavaScript has a prototype from which it inherits properties and methods. Prototypical inheritance allows an object to access the methods and properties of its prototype, enabling the reuse of code.


function Car(make, model) {
  this.make = make;
  this.model = model;

Car.prototype.getDetails = function() {
  return `${this.make} ${this.model}`;

const car1 = new Car('Toyota', 'Corolla');
console.log(car1.getDetails()); // Output: Toyota Corolla


Closures are functions that remember the environment in which they were created. They can access variables from their own scope, the function that enclosed it, and global variables.


function outerFunction() {
  let outerVariable = 'I am outside!';

  function innerFunction() {
    console.log(outerVariable); // Accesses variable from outer function

  return innerFunction;

const closureFunction = outerFunction();
closureFunction(); // Output: I am outside!


Hoisting is JavaScript’s default behavior of moving declarations to the top of the current scope (function or global). It allows us to call functions before they are declared in the code.


hoistedFunction(); // Output: I am hoisted!
function hoistedFunction() {
  console.log('I am hoisted!');

Understanding this, apply, and bind

In JavaScript, the value of this depends on how a function is called. The apply and bind methods are powerful tools to control the value of this.

apply allows you to call a function with a given `this` value and arguments provided as an array. Example:

function greet(message) {
   console.log(`${message}, ${}`);

greet.apply({name: 'John'}, ['Hello']);

bind creates a new function that, when called, has its this keyword set to the provided value. Example:

function greet() {
  console.log(`Hello, ${}`);

const boundGreet = greet.bind({name: 'John'});
boundGreet(); // Output: Hello, John


In conclusion, mastering these JavaScript fundamentals will not only bolster your understanding of JavaScript but also enhance your proficiency in working with React and other JavaScript frameworks and libraries. Before diving deep into React, spend some time cultivating a strong foundation in JavaScript. For a comprehensive study, consider visiting the MDN Web Docs which is a profound resource to delve deeper into JavaScript’s core concepts and functionalities. Happy coding!